Reading Teacher

Empowering Struggling Readers: Strategies to Support Growth in the Classroom


Every classroom has students who may face challenges in reading. As educators, it is our responsibility to provide effective support and interventions to help struggling readers thrive. In this article, we will explore strategies to assist struggling readers in the classroom. By identifying their specific needs, implementing targeted instruction, fostering a supportive learning environment, and leveraging technology and resources, educators can empower struggling readers to develop their skills, boost confidence, and achieve reading success.


Identify Individual Needs:

Begin by assessing and identifying the specific needs of struggling readers. Conduct diagnostic assessments to determine their strengths and weaknesses in phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. This will help tailor instruction and interventions to address their specific areas of struggle.


Differentiate Instruction:

Implement differentiated instruction to meet the diverse needs of struggling readers. Provide small-group or one-on-one instruction that targets their specific areas of need. Use instructional strategies and materials that are appropriate for their reading level, including decodable texts, scaffolded support, and graphic organizers.


Explicit Phonics Instruction:

Struggling readers often benefit from explicit and systematic phonics instruction. Break down phonetic concepts and teach them explicitly, emphasizing letter-sound relationships, decoding strategies, and phonemic awareness. Provide ample practice opportunities and multisensory activities to reinforce these skills.


Scaffold Reading Comprehension:

Support struggling readers in developing comprehension skills by providing explicit instruction in reading strategies. Teach them how to preview texts, make predictions, ask questions, and summarize information. Model thinking processes and engage in guided practice to help students internalize these strategies.


Foster a Supportive Environment:

Create a nurturing and inclusive classroom environment where struggling readers feel safe to take risks and ask for help. Encourage peer collaboration and implement cooperative learning activities. Celebrate progress and provide positive reinforcement to boost their confidence and motivation.


Leverage Technology and Resources:

Integrate technology and resources to support struggling readers. Utilize educational apps, digital platforms, and audiobooks that offer interactive and engaging reading experiences. Provide access to assistive technologies like text-to-speech or speech-to-text tools to enhance their reading and writing abilities.


Build a Home-School Connection:

Establish effective communication with parents or guardians to involve them in supporting struggling readers. Share progress updates, provide suggestions for home practice, and recommend reading materials or strategies that can be used at home. Encourage parents to read with their children and foster a love for literacy beyond the classroom.



Supporting struggling readers in the classroom requires a multifaceted approach that addresses their specific needs and fosters a positive learning environment. By identifying individual needs, differentiating instruction, providing explicit phonics instruction, scaffolding comprehension, fostering a supportive environment, leveraging technology and resources, and building a strong home-school connection, educators can empower struggling readers to develop their reading skills and achieve academic success. Remember, with patience, targeted interventions, and a belief in their potential, we can unlock the potential of struggling readers and help them embark on a lifelong journey of literacy and learning.